Bind ax25 interface to Direwolf

It can be easy to link an ax25 interface to Direwolf. This makes it possible to use RMSGateway, Uronode etc with Direwolf.
In this script Direwolf is started with the -p option. With the -p option a virtual tnc is created. /tmp/kisstnc.

With mkiss a kiss connection is made on the /tmp/kisstnc. With kissattach the PTY is connected to the ax25 interface.

Fist edit the file axports in /etc/ax25

Config the direwolf.conf file to set the right audio device and ptt port. Save file to /etc/ax25/direwolf.conf

Run the script

Let’s check if everything went well.

Try it out…

Now it’s possible to setup RMSGateway or Uronode of whatever you want.

Installing Direwolf and LinBPQ on Raspian Stretch

Jeff KP3FT has written a nice document about the installation of Direwolf and Linbpq on a Raspberry with raspbian Stretch. Download the complet document here.

Dire Wolf

Installing Direwolf and linBPQ on a new Raspian Stretch installation.  It’s a combination from various websites and documentation, condensed down into a straightforward walkthrough.  This doesn’t include configuration of most BPQ settings, only enough to get it to use Direwolf as a modem.

Older Raspian versions like Jessie may require Pulse Audio removed first, prior to installing Direwolf.  Raspian Stretch by default does not have Pulse Audio installed.  My Raspian config settings have SSH and VNC enabled.


After it restarts, install libasound:

Optionally install the following if you want to enable Direwolf to use the GPIO pin on certain USB sound devices for PTT:

Then install Direwolf (as of this writing, version 1.5 is the latest):

Plug your USB sound device(s) into the RPi, open a terminal, and run the following to verify the system sees the USB sound device(s).

If the Raspberry pi’s onboard audio is enabled, it will show up as Card 0, Device 0.  The USB sound device should show up as Card 1, Device 0.  A second USB sound device will show up as Card 2, Device 0, and so on.

Open the direwolf.conf file in a text-editor, scroll down, and enable the correct USB sound device by removing the # at the beginning of the appropriate line.  For example, on mine it is:

Scroll down and change “N0CALL” to your callsign in the line:

Enable the modem speed you want.  In my case, I enable 300-baud:

Scroll down and enable the appropriate PTT option for your setup.
Further down, enable and change the AGWPORT and KISSPORT settings for your setup.
Optionally disable all the APRS-related lines if you don’t want to use those functions.

Save the file and run Direwolf by double-clicking the desktop icon, or test-run it from Terminal with:

You should see packet activity if the radio is tuned on the right frequency and audio level is good.

Close Direwolf for now (CTRL-C) and install pilinBPQ (skip down to the Direwolf port section if pilinBPQ is already installed):

Copy an existing Linux bpq32.cfg from another source to /pi/linbpq. I have an old bpq32.cfg file here which would need some substantial editing for your own setup: .

Be sure to rename it to bpq32.cfg .If you don’t use the above bpq32.cfg file, and add one or both of these Direwolf ports in the ports section of whatever copy of bpq32.cfg you have, depending on how many Direwolf modems you want to run.  Change the port numbers to whatever works with your particular setup.  The timing settings can also be changed; these are what worked with my setup for 300-baud HF packet and 1200-baud VHF packet.

Save the file.

Start Direwolf.

Open another Terminal and start linBPQ:

It should connect to Direwolf(s) on port or whatever port(s) you set up.

Multiple instances of Direwolf can run at the same time.  Each instance has its own “.conf” file.  Each conf file needs to be edited to enable whatever port and USB sound device will be used.  To do that, just edit the original “direwolf.conf” file and save it under a new name, such as “direwolf_HF.conf”, etc.  Start each instance in Terminal using the “-c” switch to point Direwolf to the correct “.conf” file.  In my setup, I start the first Direwolf instance in Terminal with “direwolf -c direwolf.conf”.  The second instance is started in another Terminal with “direwolf -c direwolf_HF.conf”.

Direwolf has several options that can be used in the command line.  Three that I find particularly useful are the “-q”, -T”, and “-x” options.  By default, Direwolf shows audio in/out levels in its Terminal screen.  This can be turned off with “-q h”.  For example, when I run my HF 300-baud instance of Direwolf to disable audio reports, I run “direwolf -c direwolf_HF.conf -q h”

To show timestamps of sent and received packet frames, use the “-T” option with “%H:%M:%S”.  Example: “direwolf -c direwolf_HF.conf -q h -T %H:%M:%S” to disable audio reporting and show timestamds in hours-minutes-seconds format.

The “-x” option immediately starts Direwolf transmitting calibration tones, which I use mostly to key the transciever for tuning the antenna when I switch bands.  Example: “direwolf -c direwolf_HF.conf -q h -T %H:%M:%S -x”.  Enter CNTRL-C to stop the transmit.

The complete list of command-line options are in the Direwolf user guide, pages 126 through 128:

DireWolf/Linpq with Systemd.

I have a bad time behind me, I have had a lot of arguments with Systemd to start DireWolf and Linpq when booting 🙂
If you like Systemd, you can read some about it here

I want Linbpq to run under /dev/tty2 and DireWolf under /dev/tty3. This is because if I login remotely I can view the monitor from DireWolf with “conspy”. “conspy 3” Hit esc a few times to leave conspy.

Systemd does not want to accept the start line with >/dev/tty3 &

This upper start line does not work.

So I had to come up with something else for that. So i wrote a start file. “direwolf.start”

Now i wrote a unit file to start DireWolf on boot.

Now DireWolf is starting very nice on /dev/tty3

I had the same problem with Linbpq, which I solved in the same way.

Linbpq start file “runbpq”

The unit file “linbpq.service”

Ok, let’s see if it is running

Now have a look at /dev/tty2 “conspy 2”


Direwolf to LinBPQ config

John WQ6N has found a solution for direwolf and Linbpq that works very well for HF.




Direwolf and Jnos (review)

In the previous post about Direwolf and jnos i use Direwolf-1.3 and does not know about the SERIALKISS port.
John WQ6N point it out to me… Tnx John WQ6N. Nice one.
Read the previous post.
So maybe I wrote that script for nothing. This is working pretty simple 🙂

In Direwolf 1.5-beta is it possible to use SERIALKISS to connect com to com.
I have try to use a PTY pair created with socat.

I use conspy to look at the output of Direwolf. apt-get install conspy
Use it just like this “conspy 3” The number 3 stands for the tty were Direwolf is running on /dev/tty3.
Hit the escape button a couple of times to exit.

Here is the output of Direwolf

Ok that is working quit well.
I start Direwolf with the option “-d kn” So you can look at the kiss communication between Direwolf and Jnos.

Some text out of the User-Guide.pdf.
“Up to 3 concurrent TCP KISS client applications are allowed at the same time.
You can raise this limit by increasing the value of MAX_NET_CLIENTS, in source file kissnet.c and recompiling.”

Whoooo thats nice up to 3 (and more) applications can connect to Direwolf on the KISSPORT.
And there is also the AGW and the SERIALKISS port. Men where do I start.

John WQ6N

John WQ6N has found something that is useful. He use a Legacy BSD pseudo pair.
There are no Legacy BSD pseudo pairs in Linux any more. But it is possible to create some.

After editing the grub file run the command “update-grub” and reboot.

So now it`s time to set Direwolf and Jnos to use the pty Legacy devices.

Direwolf and Jnos

The scipt…. Small but work quit well

This is what i found in the change.log of Jnos

This is some monitor output of Direwolf.

Dire Wolf version 1.3

Reading config file /direwolf/direwolf.conf
Audio device for both receive and transmit: plughw:0,0 (channel 0)
Channel 0: 1200 baud, AFSK 1200 & 2200 Hz, E+, 44100 sample rate.
Ready to accept AGW client application 0 on port 8000 …
Use -p command line option to enable KISS pseudo terminal.
Ready to accept KISS client application on port 8001 …

Connected to KISS client application …

[0L] PD2LT-2>NODES:<0xfe>

PD2LT-2 audio level = 14(3/3) [NONE] |||||||__
[0.3] PD2LT-2>NODES:<0xfe>

PD2LT-9 audio level = 14(3/3) [NONE] ||||||||_
[0.3] PD2LT-9>NODES:<0xff>LAPNOS

Direwolf Soundmodem

Direwolf source

Direwolf example config

Arecord -l